Oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian Mummy

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Nofret
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Lid geworden op: zo 03 apr 2005, 16:20

Oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian Mummy

Bericht door Nofret » za 05 sep 2015, 10:46

29 August, 2015 - 14:54 Mark Miller
Researchers identify oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian mummy

Afbeelding
The head of Nebiri with a broken canopic jar containing his lungs (FONDAZIONE MUSEO DELLE ANTICHITÀ EGIZIE/RAFFAELLA BIANUCCI)




The oldest case of heart failure in a mummy has been identified in the remains of Nebiri, Chief of Stables, who lived 3,500 years ago in Egypt. Nebiri’s head and a broken canopic jar with his internal organs were found in a plundered tomb in 1904 and researchers were allowed to test the tissues this year because the jars were not intact.

“The head is almost completely unwrapped, but in a good state of preservation. Since the canopic jar inscribed for Hapy, the guardian of the lungs, is partially broken, we were allowed direct access for sampling,” anthropologist Raffaella Bianucci, told Discovery News. Bianucci is in the legal medicine section of the University of Turin.

The research team of which Bianucci is a part made the announcement at the international Egyptology conference underway the week of August 23, 2015, in Turin. Other researchers on the team are with the universities of Munich, York and Turin.

Nebiri’s remains, which were found in the Valley of Queens in Luxor, are now housed at the Egyptian Museum in Turin. Bianucci reported that he was about 45 to 60 years old at death. Nebiri lived during the reign of Pharaoh Thutmoses III, 1479 to 1424 BC, during the 18th Dynasty.

The primary causes of heart failure are high blood pressure, metabolic disorders of the heart muscle, ischemia and valvular disease, Discovery reports. The researchers think the cause of Nebiri’s heart failure was hypertension.

“A systematic analysis of canopic jar content could help establish whether the disease was more frequent in our ancestors or its prevalence increased in modern times,” Bianucci said. Now about 20 million people worldwide experience chronic heart failure.

Nebiri suffered from severe periodontal disease with abscesses, which were revealed by a technology called Multidetector Computed Tomography and three-dimensional skull reconstruction.

The people who mummified Nebiri tried to remove his brains, but some tissues were still in the cranial cavity. The embalmers packed linen into his eyes, nose, mouth, ears, cheeks and skull.

The team of modern researchers saw limited calcification, evidence of atherosclerosis, in a carotid artery. “We saw only a tiny fleck of calcium. Since the rest of the corpse is missing, it is impossible to establish whether there was calcification in other artery walls,” Bianucci said.

An examination of the lungs showed he had what the research team called “heart failure” cells and evidence of edema or fluid collected in the lung’s air sacs.

The expertise of Nebiri’s mummification was excellent and rivals that even of royal people of the time, said Egyptologist Joanne Fletcher of England’s University of York. The high quality of the embalming enabled researchers to more easily diagnose Nebiri’s medical conditions.

The chemicals used to embalm him were sophisticated.

“It was a complex mixture of an animal fat or plant oil, a balsam/aromatic plant, and non-native conifer resin and pistacia resin,” said archaeological chemist Stephen Buckley of the University of York. “The last three ingredients contain strongly antibacterial compounds, so would certainly have helped preserve his body and lungs.”

Other researchers are working on reconstructing Nebiri’s face.
http://ancientegyptianmonuments.blogspot.nl/



nn ms.i sA.w -- No one is born wise.

Anna
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Lid geworden op: vr 29 nov 2013, 12:09

Re: Oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian Mummy

Bericht door Anna » za 05 sep 2015, 11:00

Geen wonder. De Oude Egyptenaren moeten massaal aan hoge bloeddruk hebben geleden, gezien de hoeveelheden gezouten vlees en vis die werden geconsumeerd!

Nofret
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Lid geworden op: zo 03 apr 2005, 16:20

Re: Oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian Mummy

Bericht door Nofret » za 05 sep 2015, 11:06

En wat dacht je van alle zoetigheden, daar waren ze ook niet vies van
http://ancientegyptianmonuments.blogspot.nl/



nn ms.i sA.w -- No one is born wise.

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Thoetmosis XII
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Lid geworden op: di 29 nov 2005, 12:07

Re: Oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian Mummy

Bericht door Thoetmosis XII » za 05 sep 2015, 14:14

Leuk dat dit soort gegevens steeds meer naar buiten komen, dat we dankzij CT-scans en andere moderne technieken steeds meer te weten kunnen komen over leven en welzijn van de oude Egyptenaren <egypt> En naast leuk wellicht ook nuttig, want volgens mij kunnen dit soort onderzoeksresultaten ook helpen bij de ontwikkeling van medicijnen enzo *00
Carnarvon: "Can you see anything?", Carter: "Yes, wonderful things..."

Nofret
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Berichten: 10812
Lid geworden op: zo 03 apr 2005, 16:20

Re: Oldest known case of heart failure in an Egyptian Mummy

Bericht door Nofret » ma 07 sep 2015, 9:25

Het gevaar van slechte eetgewoontes wordt hierdoor ook weer is door bevestigd.

Afbeelding
Egyptisch Gebak

Belangstellenden, kan ik dit boekje in PDF formaat opsturen:

Afbeelding
http://ancientegyptianmonuments.blogspot.nl/



nn ms.i sA.w -- No one is born wise.

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