Moderator: Thoetmosis XII
- king tutankhamun
- Berichten: 820
- Lid geworden op: vr 23 jan 2009, 19:52
It contains the mummies of two women, thought to be Eighteenth Dynasty queens. In 2010, a team including geneticist Carsten Pusch used DNA evidence to identify one mummy as the biological mother of the two fetuses preserved in the tomb of King Tutankhamun.
The tomb was discovered by Giovanni Belzoni in 1817. Belzoni described how easily the hair came out of one of the mummies when he tugged at it.
The tomb has a small low chamber next to the burial chamber where large white washed jars (probably containg embalming waste) were located.
James Burton, who mapped it in 1825, called it a "clean new tomb."
However, when the tomb was re-investigated in 1989 by Donald Ryan, the mummies had been torn to pieces, the jars stored next to the burial chamber were smashed, and a large graffito on one of the tombs walls proclaimed "ME 1826."
Announcing the DNA results in 2010, Carsten Pusch stated, "The data obtained from KV21A points to this mummy as the mother of the fetuses. Unfortunately we are not yet able to identify her as Ankhesenamun, Nefertiti's daughter."
General Site Information
Structure: KV 21
Location: Valley of the Kings, East Valley, Thebes West Bank, Thebes
Other designations: 4 [Belzoni], T [Burton]
Site type: Tomb
Description: The tomb is located in the southeast branch off the main wadi, north of KV 19. It is a small, undecorated tomb, well cut with smoothed walls. The walls and ceiling bear red and black mason's marks. It lies on an east-west axis and consists of an entryway and two sloping corridors (B, D) with a stairwell (C) between them. The second corridor leads to a burial chamber (J) with a central pillar and a side chamber (Ja). There is a recess along the right (north) side of the burial chamber.
Noteworthy features: The tomb is an example of burials of Dynasty 18 royal family members. Burial chamber J has two noteworthy features: a chamber-length recess and a single central pillar.
Axis in degrees: 270
Axis orientation: West
Latitude: 25.44 N
Longitude: 32.36 E
Elevation: 180.654 msl
JOG map reference: NG 36-10
Modern governorate: Qena (Qina)
Ancient nome: 4th Upper Egypt
Maximum height: 5.71 m
Mininum width: 0.88 m
Maximum width: 6.78 m
Total length: 41.04 m
Total area: 120.29 m²
Total volume: 305.73 m³
Additional Tomb Information
Entrance location: Hillside
Owner type: Unknown, possibly royal
Entrance type: Staircase
Interior layout: Corridors and chambers
Axis type: Straight
Categories of Objects Recovered
Scarabs and seals
It has been suggested that the tomb was a queen's burial. Two female mummies were found, with their left arm crossed on their chest, a pose only used for queens. Vandals entered the tomb after its discovery in 1817, broke up the mummies, hauled them up to the first corridor B, and shattered some large white pots.
This site was used during the following period(s):
New Kingdom, Dynasty 18 (date based on architectural typology)
History of Exploration
Belzoni, Giovanni Battista (1817): Discovery
Belzoni, Giovanni Battista (1817): Excavation (conducted for Henry Salt)
Burton, James (1825): Mapping/planning
Lefébure, Eugène (1889): Mapping/planning
Ryan, Donald P. (1989-1990): Excavation
- Site Admin
- Berichten: 10812
- Lid geworden op: zo 03 apr 2005, 16:20